Human Anatomy and Physiology I

Introduction to human body:
Definition and scope of anatomy and physiology
Levels of structural organization and body systems
Basic life processes and homeostasis
Basic anatomical terminology

Cellular level of organization:
Structure and functions of cell
Transport across cell membrane
Cell division and cell junctions
General principles of cell communication
Intracellular signaling pathway activation by extracellular signal molecule
Forms of intracellular signaling: a) Contact-dependent b) Paracrine c) Synaptic d) Endocrine

Tissue level of organization:
Classification of tissues, Structure, location, and functions of epithelial, muscular, nervous, and connective tissues

Integumentary system:
Structure and functions of skin

Skeletal system:
Divisions of skeletal system
Types of bone
Salient features and functions of bones of axial and appendicular skeletal system
Organization of skeletal muscle
Physiology of muscle contraction
Neuromuscular junction

Structural and functional classification, Types of joints, movements, and articulation

Body fluids and blood:
Body fluids
Composition and functions of blood
Formation of hemoglobin
Mechanisms of coagulation
Blood grouping and Rh factors
Transfusion, its significance, and disorders of blood
Reticuloendothelial system

Lymphatic system:
Lymphatic organs and tissues
Lymphatic vessels
Lymph circulation and functions of lymphatic system

Peripheral nervous system:
Classification of peripheral nervous system
Structure and functions of sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems
Origin and functions of spinal and cranial nerves

Special senses:
Structure and functions of eye, ear, nose, and tongue, Disorders of special senses

Cardiovascular System
Heart: Anatomy of heart, blood circulation, blood vessels
Structure and functions of artery, vein, and capillaries
Elements of conduction system of heart and heart beat
Regulation by autonomic nervous system, cardiac output, cardiac cycle
Regulation of blood pressure, pulse, electrocardiogram
Disorders of heart